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Wrinkles and dark circles:why does our face mark with age?

With age, our morphology evolves, just like our skin. When wrinkles and dark circles begin to settle on our pretty face, a question arises:why does our face mark with age? How do wrinkles, dark circles and puffiness appear? Focus on skin aging.

What are wrinkles?

There are actually several types of wrinkles:dynamic wrinkles , or expression lines, and static wrinkles , or marked wrinkles. In themselves, wrinkles are all folds of skin, or breaks.

Expression lines are not visible constantly, but when you smile, or when you frown. They are not necessarily linked to skin aging, so young women in their 20s may very well have expression lines.

Marked wrinkles are those that remain, that are visible, and that are often the most annoying. These are directly linked to skin aging of the skin, and more specifically, to its loss of elasticity.

The elasticity of the skin in question, but not only

The elasticity of the skin evolves throughout our lives. It is due to the presence in the skin tissue of collagen , which ensures firmness of the skin, and elastin , which ensures the elasticity of the skin. Every year we naturally lose some collagen and elastin. This is why the skin relaxes, creating folds, but also breaks due to lack of elasticity:this is the appearance of wrinkles.

Only, we are not all equal when it comes to wrinkles, because the natural aging of the skin - and therefore the loss of collagen and elasticity - happens more or less quickly depending on our lifestyles:our environment, our lifestyle, and our genetic heritage have a role to play.

How to prevent the appearance of wrinkles?

To prevent premature aging of the skin and the appearance of wrinkles, it is necessary to know the different causes of skin aging.

Internal factors promoting skin aging

Among the internal factors involved in skin aging, the genetic heritage . If your parents have thin skin, which tends to mark quickly, which easily shows wrinkles and dark circles, it is very likely that this is your case too.

Hormonal Aging is also a cause of the appearance of wrinkles:the drop in estrogen levels generally leads to a decrease in the production of collagen and elastin.

Finally, the stress is also a factor that plays on the appearance of wrinkles. It increases the production of free radicals, which cause premature skin aging.

External factors favoring the appearance of wrinkles

Many external factors lead to the appearance of wrinkles:

  • Alcohol and tobacco:certain elements assimilated by the body when you consume tobacco or alcohol alter the irrigation of the skin and alter the hyaluronic acid naturally present in the dermis
  • Pollution:the pollution to which we are exposed daily is an aggression for the skin. It unbalances the immune system and thus promotes the appearance of signs of aging
  • An unbalanced diet:a diet that is too rich or too poor can create deficiencies in vitamins, minerals and certain proteins that contribute to good skin health
  • A lack of hydration:when the epidermis is not nourished and hydrated, it is damaged and impoverished, favoring the appearance of marked wrinkles
  • The sun:exposure to ultraviolet rays is the primary cause of premature aging. The sun slows down the production of elastin and weakens the cells of the epidermis, causing skin aging.

Good actions to prevent the appearance of wrinkles

As you will have understood, if we cannot fight against nature and genetics, we can adopt a healthy lifestyle to slow down skin aging. A regular sleep cycle , a balanced diet , and good stress management will be your best weapons against wrinkles.

Your beauty routine is also very important to take care of your skin:

  • Systematically remove make-up from your skin before going to bed
  • Cleanse your face morning and evening with a gentle cleanser
  • Hydrate your skin with a moisturizing and anti-aging cream
  • Apply an anti-wrinkle serum after your moisturizer
  • Use makeup products that respect your skin
  • Apply sun protection all year round

Of course, to keep your skin hydrated and comfortable, it is necessary to drink water throughout the day, and to consume foods rich in water. Don't underestimate the power of food to fight skin aging!

Dark circles and puffiness:a stubborn bad look

It is often thought that dark circles and puffiness are only due to lack of sleep, but in fact, it is more complicated. A lack of sleep does indeed give the area under the eyes a dark halo, but it can also appear if you are stressed or if you consume alcohol and tobacco (and yes, the hygiene of life, again and again ).

However, just like wrinkles, dark circles can also be genetic:if your parents have very visible dark circles, you probably do too.

Dark circles become more visible with age, and the eye contour area is one of the parts of the face that ages the fastest. This is due to the thinness of the skin around the eyes :very fine, very fragile, it is marked quickly (wrinkles of expression) and is damaged more quickly.

In some people, this results in hollow circles :the skin wrinkles and slides down, which creates a hollow under the eye. In other people, the pool of water and fat under the eyes turns into puffiness , with more or less significant swelling under the lower eyelid.

To reduce dark circles and puffiness, a healthy lifestyle is essential . In parallel, the use of a targeted eye contour treatment can help you:an anti-wrinkle eye contour treatment or an anti-dark circles and puffiness treatment, applied daily, will give your look a boost!